√ 16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris, Rumus Dan Contohnya (Terlengkap)

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16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris, Rumus Dan Contohnya (Terlengkap) – Bahasa Inggris merupakan bahasa internasional yang resmi. Bahasa Inggris menjadi bahasa yang umum digunakan ketika dua orang berbeda bahasa berkomunikasi.

Bahasa Inggris merupakan suatu keahlian yang saat ini wajib dimiliki setiap orang sebab globalisasi kian pesat dan menyebabkan interaksi lintas budaya dan bahasa semakin besar kemungkinannya untuk terjadi.

Berbahasa Inggris sebaiknya dilatih setiap hari agar kemampuan berbahasa Inggris semakin baik. Untuk memulai pembelajaran bahasa Inggris, ada baiknya jika mengetahui tenses dalam bahasa Inggris.

16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris, Rumus Dan Contohnya (Terlengkap)

Tenses adalah perubahan kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris sesuai dengan waktu. Dalam bahasa Indonesia tidak dikenal adanya perubahan kata kerja yang dipengaruhi waktu, hal ini berbeda dengan tata bahasa Inggris. Tenses dibagi menjadi Present (masa sekarang), Past (masa lampau) dan Future (masa  yang akan datang).

16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris

Didalam bahasa inggris terdapat 16 tenses yaitu;

Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang berulang atau rutinitas, fakta dan peristiwa yang terjadi di masa sekarang.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject (I, You, They, We) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject (I, You, They, We) + do not (don’t) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb
  3. (+) Subject (She, He, It) + Verb1 (s/ es) + Object/ Adverb
  4. (-) Subject (She, He It) + does not (doesn’t) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb
  5. (?+) Do + Subject (I, You, They, We) + Verb1 + Objcet/ Adverb ?
  6. (?-) Don’t + Subject (I, You, They, We) + Verb1 + Objcet/ Adverb ?
  7. (?+) Does + Subject (She, He, It) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?
  8. (?-) Doesn’t + Subject (She, He, It) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. They like the music
  2. I don’t like sweet tea
  3. He likes fried rice so much
  4. It doesn’t like cheese
  5. Do you remember the address?
  6. Don’t they wear their ties?
  7. Does she call her mother?
  8. Doesn’t he finish his tasks?

Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang terjadi di masa lalu.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Verb2 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Did not (Didn’t)+ Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?
  3. (?+) Did + Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Didn’t + Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?
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Contoh kalimat :

  1. We went to Ragunan Zoo last week together
  2. The students didn’t go to school yesterday because of the general election
  3. Did I say something wrong?
  4. Didn’t he see the thieves at the store last night?

Simple Future Tense

Simple future tense digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang akan terjadi di masa mendatang.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Will +Verb1 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Will Not (Won’t) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Will + Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb?
  4. (?-) Will Not (Won’t) + Subject (I, You, They, We, She, He, It) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. We will celebrate the Independence Day of Indonesia on August 17th
  2. She will not do the mistake twice
  3. Will he come along with us to the field trip next month ?
  4. Won’t our friends bring us some food for our pajama’s party tonight ?

Present Continuous Tense

Present continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan yang sedang berlangsung atau terjadi saat ini.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  2. (-) Subject + to be (am, is, are) not + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) To be + Subject + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) To be not + Subject + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Sigra is playing the Uno cards with his friends at the living room
  2. The bats are not (aren’t) sleeping at night
  3. Am i looking good with this maroon dress ?
  4. Isn’t Mr. Budi teaching at class 8.6 ?

Present Perfect Tense

Present perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang dimulai di masa lampau dan telah selesai dilakukan pada waktu sebelum sekarang.

Rumus :

present perfect tense menggunakan auxiliary verb yaitu “have/ has”.

  1. (+) Subject (I, You, They, We) + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject (I, You, They, We) + Have Not (Haven’t) + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  3. (+) Subject (She, He, It) + Has + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  4. (-) Subject (She, He, It) + Has Not (Hasn’t) + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  5. (?+) Have + Subject (I, You, They, We) + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?
  6. (?-) Haven’t + Subject (I, You, They, We) + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?
  7. (?+) Has + Subject (She, He, It) + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?
  8. (?-) Hasn’t + Subject (She, He, It) + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. I have done my homework yesterday
  2. You haven’t collected your task to Mr. Griffith
  3. She has filled the form to register the dance academy last week
  4. It hasn’t taken a bath 2 days ago
  5. Have we watered the watermelon seed this morning ?
  6. Haven’t they practiced to sing last night?
  7. Has she cut the tree at the backyard last Sunday ?
  8. Hasn’t he prepared the lunch 2 hours ago ?

Present Perfect Continuous

Present perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang telah dikerjakan di masa lampau atau dimulai di masa lampau dan masih berlangsung di masa sekarang.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + have/ has + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + have/ has not + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Have/ has + Subject + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. Have/ has not + Subject + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Abdul has been cleaning the hall since 10 o’clock
  2. Ani and Shara haven’t been sleeping since 4 a.m.
  3. Have you been painting the wall today ?
  4. Hasn’t Andreas going to the groceries this afternoon ?
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Past Contnuous Tense

Past continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang terjadi dengan lama waktu tertentu yang sedang terjadi dan telah usai di masa lampau.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + had + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + had not (hadn’t) + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Had + Subject + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  4. (?-) Hadn’t + Subject + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Anggia had been heading to the airport by hershelf early morning
  2. Rasha, Alfi and Mikha hadn’t been packing all the packages
  3. Had Sasha and Andrew been sending my letter to post office ?
  4. Hadn’t Albi going to library on weekend ?

Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang terjadi di masa lampau dan telah selesai pula di masa lampau sebelum peristiwa lain terjadi.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + Had + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + Hadn’t + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Had + Subject + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Hadn’t + Subject + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Vivi had seen her friend at the cafe
  2. Rifa and Sandra hadn’t brought Mrs. Sinta’s books
  3. Had Eva forgotten our meeting ?
  4. Hadn’t Baldy put those things on the right place ?
16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris Beserta Rumus Dan Contohnya Lengkap
16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris Beserta Rumus Dan Contohnya Lengkap

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang terjadi di masa lampau dalam waktu tertentu dan telah selesai di waktu tertentu di masa lampau.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + Had + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + Hadn’t + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Had + Subject + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Hadn’t + Subject + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Andra had been repairing all his watches
  2. Risa hadn’t been ironing the clothes at her room
  3. Had Amanda been picking up her sister at school ?
  4. Hadn’t I cooked lasagna well ?

Future Continuous Tense

Future continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang akan sedang terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + Will be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + Will not be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Will + Subject + be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-)Will not + Subject + be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Adam will be turning 1 on next week
  2. Rafa and Adit will not be coming to the prom night
  3. Will Mr. And Mrs. Brata having a diner at Sky Garden Restaurant ?
  4. Will not Ika be washing her father’s motorcycle tomorrow morning ?

Future Perfect Tense

Future perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang akan sudah selesai dilakukan pada suatu waktu di masa yang akan datang.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + Will + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + Will not + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Will + Subject + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Will not + Subject + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Nadia and Bella will have come to my birthday party on next Thursday
  2. Asna will not have set the stage on the next day
  3. Will Cici and Kiko have went to Bandung next week ?
  4. Will not Aira have received the email tonight ?

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa telah berlangsung selama beberapa waktu pada waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

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Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + will + have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + will not + have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Will + Subject + have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Will not + Subject + have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Dina will have been releasing her new novel on next a couple month
  2. Nada and Desi will not been starting their project on next July
  3. Will Mr. Bimo have been opening his spare part store the day after tomorrow ?
  4. Will not Agus have been copying 200 copies of pamflets at noon today ?

Past Future Tense

Past future tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang akan dilakukan di pada saat masa lampau.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + would + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + would not (wouldn’t) + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Would + Subject + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Wouldn’t + Subject + Verb1 + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Angga would visit his grandmother in Bogor
  2. Raka and Prita wouldn’t lend their tent to Akra
  3. Would Shiva join English class ?
  4. Wouldn’t Rendi’s uncle rent a car for their trip to Java Land ?

Past Future Continuous Tense

Past future continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang takan sedang terjadi atau dilakukan pada masa akan datang di masa lampau.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + would be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + wouldn’t be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Would + Subject + be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Wouldn’t + Subject + be + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. I would be parking my car first
  2. Lika and Abi wouldn’t be drinking orange juice at the party
  3. Would Viki be wearing the same shirt like Doni ?
  4. Wouldn’t Harry be treating Masha yesterday ?

Past Future Perfect Tense

Past future perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang telah dilakukan pada masa mendatang di masa lampau.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + Would + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + Wouldn’t + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Would + Subject + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Wouldn’t + Subject + Have + Verb3 + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Frost the cat would have woken up at at 9 a.m.
  2. Nilam wouldn’t have finished her report at 9 last night
  3. Would Jaka have decided the holiday destination ?
  4. Wouldn’t Ivy have read all the comics ?

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past futue perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang telah berlangsung dalam waktu tertentu di masa lalu.

Rumus :

  1. (+) Subject + Would + Have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  2. (-) Subject + Wouldn’t + Have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb
  3. (?+) Would + Subject + Have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?
  4. (?-) Wouldn’t + Subject + Have + been + Verb1 + ing + Object/ Adverb ?

Contoh kalimat :

  1. Ratna would have been opening her bookstore last February
  2. Irma wouldn’t have been sweeping the floor this afternoon
  3. Would Olvi and Mrs. Yeni have been buying all the ingridients for BBQ yesterday afternoon ?
  4. Wouldn’t Ms. Autumn have been celebrating her graduation last Friday at Spring Resto and Cafe ?

Demikian penjelasan materi tentang 16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris, Rumus Dan Contohnya (Terlengkap)di atas oleh pustakaindo. Dengan memahami susunan kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris, semoga kita bisa lebih lancar berbahasa Inggris. Terima kasih 🙂